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Learn about primary and secondary packaging, buffer stock, fluting and more.

Updated over a week ago

Buffer stock

The surplus stock that a business can draw from at any time. Having buffer stock ensures a business can operate effectively if unforeseen circumstances arise, such as delays to deliveries or a large spike in demand.


A 2D template of a printed product.


The wave-like structure in the middle of corrugated board. Provides strength and rigidity.

Minimum order quantity (MOQ)

The fewest units a supplier is willing to sell in a single order.

Over, short and damages (OS&D)

Quantities received are in excess of what was ordered (over), fewer quantities received than ordered (short), and product received is damaged or part of the shipment is damaged (damages).

Primary packaging

Any packaging directly in contact with a product.

Secondary packaging

Any packaging used to display or transport a product.

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